Plant anatomy


The different parts of a plant and their roles


1. Flower > Reproduction of the species

Fertilized flowers produce fruits containing seeds that will germinate and produce new plants.

2. Stem > Transportation of sap

The nutrients absorbed or synthesized by the plant are transported through the conducting vessels in the stem.

3. Leaf > Respiration and photosynthesis

Using the chlorophyll in its leaves, the plant fixes (using light) CO2 from the atmosphere, releases O2 back into the atmosphere and creates nutrients: this is photosynthesis.

4. Root > Anchoring, absorption and storage

Roots allow the plant to anchor itself to the ground, absorb water and mineral salts from the ground and store energy reserves.


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